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Урок 14. Informal greetings. (Неофициальные приветствия.)

Jackie: Hello, welcome to How to, with me, Jackie Dalton. In this programme: how to greet people in informal contexts. There are lots of different phrases and expressions you can use and today you’ll learn some of the most popular and useful ones. One of the first words you probably learnt in English was ‘Hello’- a very common way of greeting someone and suitable in both formal and more relaxed situations. Now we’re going to here some other expressions, and these are for informal situations. So here we go! Listen to this short clip of Matt saying hello to Jane. What word is used here instead of ‘hello’?

Matt
Hey Jane, how you doing?

Jackie: It was simply ‘hey’ – more informal than hello.

Matt
Hey Jane…

Jackie: It sounds a bit like ‘hi’, which you almost certainly used before as another slightly less formal version of hello. ‘Hi Jane!’ with h-i and ‘Hey Jane!’ with h-e-y both sound relaxed. Now, for our next greeting. What’s this one?

Jane and Neil
Alright Matt, how’s it going?
Alright Carrie! How are you?

Jackie: ‘Alright’ – that’s very informal.

Carrie and Neil
Alright Carrie! How are you?

Jackie: ‘Alright Carrie!’ In England and Australia, you often here it with ‘mate’ – an informal word meaning ‘friend’ which refers to the person you’re speaking to. ‘Alright mate!’ So a reminder of our opening expressions for greeting so far: ‘Hello Richard!’ ‘Hi, Richard!’ ‘Hey Richard!’ ‘Alright Richard!’ or ‘Alright mate!’ So you’ve said ‘hi’ to someone… what next? Well, the normal thing, as in so many cultures is to ask them how they are.

Carrie
How are you?

Jackie: The most straightforward phrase: ‘How are you?’ But how else could you say that in a relaxed situation?

Neil
Hello Carrie, you alright?

Jackie: ‘You alright?’ Of course the most correct way of saying this would be ‘Are you alright?’ But it often just becomes, ‘You all right?’

Neil
Hello Carrie, you alright?

Jackie: And yes, you’re right, we just looked at ‘Alright!’ as another way of saying hello, but we also use it to ask how someone is.

Jackie: Now listen for another way to ask how someone is.

Matt and Jane
Hey Jane, how you doing?

Jackie: ‘How you doing?’ Again, ‘How are you doing?’ would be more correct, but we often miss out the ‘are’ so it’s just ‘How you doing?’

Matt
Hey Jane, how you doing?

Jackie: A variation on that, which you’re probably more likely to hear in Australia is ‘How you going?’

Carrie and Neil
Alright Carrie, how are you?
Yeah, I’m fine Neil, how you going?

Jackie: How you going?

Carrie
How you going?

Jackie: ‘How’s it going?’ is another form you might hear.

Matt and Jane
Alright Matt, how’s it going?

Jackie: So how could you respond when you’re asked how you are? One of the most common answers is, ‘Fine, thanks!’ But here are some more. All of them are quite informal.

Clips
Yeah, not bad, not bad.

Jackie: ‘Not bad!’ which means quite good and ‘good, thanks!’ are both used here.

Good, thanks!

Clips
Yeah, not bad, not bad.
Good, thanks!

Jackie: You could also say ‘alright, thanks!’ or ‘OK, thanks!’ or ‘very well, thanks!’ So, to sum up those last expressions, we’ve got:
Not bad!
Good, thanks!
Alright, thanks
OK, thanks!
Very well, thanks!’

After you’ve answered that question, the most usual thing to do is to return the question and ask the other person if they are well, as in these examples.

Clips
Alright Matt, how’s it going?
Yeah, no trouble, how about you alright?
Yeah, not bad.

Hey Jane, how you doing?
Good thanks, and you?
Yeah, not bad, not bad.

Jackie: You can return the question with a simple ‘…and you?’ or ‘How about
you?’

Clips
Alright Matt, how’s it going?
Yeah, no trouble, how about you alright?
Yeah, not bad

Hey Jane, how you doing?
Good thanks, and you?
Yeah, not bad, not bad.

Jackie: So now, a recap of the key phrases in this programme.

Hello!
Hi!
Hey!
Alright!

How are you?
How you doing?
How you going?
How’s it going?
You alright?

Good, thanks!
Fine, thanks!
Not bad, not bad!
Alright, thanks!
I’m OK!

And you?
How about you?
What about you?