Заявка на пробный урок

Получи бесплатный урок сейчас!

Свяжитесь с нами: Skype: paraisozzz

Урок 5. Making suggestions. (Предложение чего-либо.)

Jackie: Hello. I’m Jackie Dalton. In this programme we’ll look at how to express anger and annoyance about something. Of course, there are all sorts of very strong words in English used to show annoyance (some of which you probably already know!), but we’ll be focusing on those expressions which aren’t quite so offensive, so you don’t find yourself upsetting people! Let’s hear our first one. I’m at a party drinking a glass of wine but then (smash!)

Clip
Oh no!

Jackie: I drop my glass… ‘Oh no!’ A simple reaction you can use in all kinds of situations when something bad has happened.

Clip
Oh no!
Oh no!

Jackie: You could also say ‘Oh dear!’ this means the same thing.

Clip
Oh dear!

Jackie: Let’s hear those words in sentences with other expressions…

Clip
Oh dear! He missed his plane!
Oh no! I can’t believe I’ve just done that!
Oh dear! I don’t believe he’s forgotten again!

Jackie: In those last sentences we heard another expression worth knowing. ‘I can’t believe…’ or ‘I don’t believe…’ again, a popular phrase when something bad has just happened.

Clip
Oh no, I can’t believe I’ve just done that!
Oh dear! I don’t believe he’s forgotten again!
Oh, I can’t believe it!
I can’t believe that this is happening again!
Oh, I can’t believe I’ve just done that!

Jackie: So those were our first three expressions: ‘Oh no!’ ‘Oh dear!’ And ‘I can’t believe it!’ Here’s one you might use if something has gone wrong and it’s happened to you before.

Clip
Why does this always happen to me!

Jackie: ‘Why does this always happen!’ Here are some more examples.

Clip
I’ve lost my keys. Why does this always happen to me!
They missed the train – why does that always happen!

Jackie: Listen to this clip of an angry boss. What expression does he start with to show he’s annoyed?

Clip
I mean, for goodness sake, he’d said he’d do it and now he hasn’t done it, so…that’s just typical!

Jackie: For goodness sake! Something to say when you’re annoyed!

Clip
– He said he can’t help us!
– Oh for goodness sake!

Jackie: A variation on this is ‘for heaven’s sake!’

Clip
Oh! For heaven’s sake! Why is she so unreliable?

Jackie: One more handy and not too offensive expression is ‘Bother!’

Clip
Isn’t he coming to the party?
Oh bother, I forgot to invite him!

Jackie: A word that you might hear in similar contexts, but which some people
might find a bit offensive is ‘damn!’

Clip
Damn! I’ve forgotten my car keys!
Oh damn, they’ve cancelled the flight!

Jackie: Again, this is only for informal situations and some people might be a bit offended by the word, so do be careful about how you use it. Let’s do a summary of those expressions. Listen closely and try to remember as many as you can.

Oh dear!
Oh no!
I can’t believe it!
Why does this always happen!
For goodness sake!
For heaven’s sake!
Bother!
Damn (with caution!)!

 

Jackie: Hello, I’m Jackie Dalton. In this programme, we’re going to look at the language we use when we make suggestions. We’ll do this by listening to clips from a discussion in the BBC Learning English offices. A member of BBC Learning English is leaving the team to go and work somewhere else and her colleagues are planning a party for her. We’ll hear people making suggestions about what the party could involve.

In English, suggestions are very often expressed in the form of questions. Listen to this discussion. What language structure is used to make suggestions here?

Discussion
– Well it’s for Jackie’s leaving party because she’s going to work in another department, so we need to have a really good party so we can send her off really well. So what shall we do?
– Well, why don’t we have a surprise party?
– That’s a good idea…
– Why don’t we hire the ground floor of a bar, get some food in and we could get a band in?

Jackie: Those suggestions were structured as questions. ‘Why don’t…’ followed by the subject – in this case, ‘we’ and then the infinitive verb form without ‘to’. Listen to some more examples of this structure.

Examples
– I’m worried that they won’t have anything to do on Sunday.
– Well, why don’t they come with us?
– I don’t think he’ll have time to see them.
– Why doesn’t he get the later train, then he’ll have more time?

Jackie: So ‘why don’t’ or ‘why doesn’t’ is followed by the subject and then the base infinitive form of the verb. Another useful expression that also follows this structure is ‘shall we…’

Discussion
Shall we have some music?

Jackie: So ‘shall’ plus the subject, plus the base infinitive of the verb.

Discussion
Shall we have some music?

Jackie: Now we’re going to hear a slightly different kind of structure, this time with the expression ‘why not…’

Discussion
– But why do we have to have catering? That’s expensive!
– Yeah, why not buy our own food?

Jackie: ‘Why not buy our own food?’ The key difference with ‘why not’ is that the subject isn’t included, just the infinitive form of the verb without ‘to’.

Examples
Why not do that tomorrow?

Jackie: So, so far, we’ve looked at the structures with ‘shall we…’ and ‘why don’t…’ which are followed by the subject and the base infinitive form of the verb and we’ve looked at ‘why not….’, which is followed by just the base infinitive verb form. Listen again to these examples.

Discussion
– Shall we have some music?
– Yeah, why not buy our own food?
– Why don’t we make our own food?
– I was thinking exactly that myself.
– That’s a nice idea.

Jackie: A word that’s often useful when making suggestions about something you and someone else could do together is ‘let’s’ – an abbreviation of ‘let us’.

Discussion
Let’s ask Carrie to make a cake.

Jackie: You usually use ‘let’s’ when you want to sort of say ‘Come on everybody!’ and motivate people. And in this case, it’s met with an agreement: ‘Let’s do that’.

Discussion
Let’s ask Carrie to make a cake.
Yeah, let’s do that.

Jackie: The last bits of the language of suggestions we’re going to look at are the words ‘could’ and ‘should’. ‘Should’ sounds a bit more like you’re giving advice than ‘could’. ‘Could’ expresses possibility. But they can both be used for making suggestions. Let’s start with ‘could’.

Discussion
– Perhaps we could put up some decorations in the office, some balloons and…
– Yeah
– … A ‘Goodbye Jackie’ banner…

Jackie: So the structure here is the subject –’we’, followed by ‘could’, followed by the infinitive base form of the verb. Listen to some other examples.

Examples
I could go tomorrow
He could tell them tonight

Jackie: The example we heard earlier included the word ‘perhaps’.

Discussion
Perhaps we could put up some decorations in the office.

Jackie: ‘Perhaps’ has the effect of making the suggestion sound a bit more polite. Another word with a similar effect is ‘maybe’: ‘Maybe we could put up some decorations.’

So what about the word ‘should’? As I mentioned, ‘should’ sounds a bit more like you’re giving advice than ‘could’ – as if it’s something you’re sure is a good idea.

Discussion
I think we should buy a really, really big card – a huge card – and we should get everybody to sign it.

Jackie: Again, subject followed by ‘should’, followed by the infinitive verb. Adding ‘I think’, like ‘perhaps’ and ‘maybe’, softens the statement a bit.

Discussion
I think we should all buy a really, really big card.