交际汉语 Asking for help
(At the hotel reception.)
Liu Ming: Excuse me, I'm looking for Manager Li of the Guangming Company.
A: Could you please tell me his room number?
Liu Ming: I'm not sure either. Can you look it up for me?
A: What's Manager Li's full name?
Liu Ming: Li Xin, the Xin as in Xin Jiu.
A: OK. Manager Li is in room 912.
Liu Ming: Thank you.
A: You're welcome.
(At the dormitory.)
Xiao Jiang: Tina, where are you going this afternoon?
Tina: I'm not going anywhere this afternoon. (Typing on the computer) I have to finish my thesis.
Xiao Jiang: Then can you lend me your bike? My bike's broken down, it's being fixed.
Tina: No problem. Here's the key, Xiao Jiang.
Xiao Jiang: Thank you, Tina.
Tina: Xiao Jiang, could I ask you for a favor?
Xiao Jiang: What is it?
Tina: Could you please get me a box of floppy disks.
Xiao Jiang: OK, see you soon!
Tina: See you soon!
(At home, Lan Lan is doing homework. Li Hong is back from work.)
Lan Lan: Mom, you're back!
Li Hong: Are you doing your homework, LanLan?
Lan Lan: Yes, mom, can you have a look at this essay for me? I can't understand it.
Li Hong: Wait a minute. (Picks it up to read) Lan Lan, it's in English? That I don't understand. How's this, I'll ask Xiao Jiang for help.
Lan Lan: That's great!
Li Hong: (makes a phone call) Xiao Jiang, could you have a look at an essay for Lan Lan? Will you be free tomorrow?
Xiao Jiang: Teacher Li, just as well I also have a Chinese essay that I can't understand, can you help me look at it?
Li Hong: OK!
Help is only a phone call away
In China as in elsewhere help is often no further than a phone call away. But it is important to know what number to call. For example, the number to call for a general emergency is 110.
Like elsewhere in the world, Chinese hotels supply travel guides, helpful phone numbers and phone books.
1、Repeated verbs: active verbs can be repeated, verbs repeated stress the action is brief or casual.
The second syllable has a weak and short pronunciation. For example: "问问" ask around, "看看" have a look, "查查" look it up,"帮帮" do a favour, "修修" give it a fix,"说说" tell us about it, etc.
2、Modal verbs to denote will and desire, for example, "会, 能, 要", or "will, can, want" are usually used in front of verb to show ability or desire. To negate, use" 不会, 不能, 不要" etc. For example: "不会修", don't know how to fix, "不能去", can't go, "不要接电话", don't answer the phone.
3、The "吧" sentences: unlike the "吧" used at the end of questions, if placed at the end of a
narrative sentence, the "吧" adds expectations about the request or command. The subject is usually "你" or "you". For example, "你说吧!" You tell me! "帮帮忙吧!" Give us some help! "问问他吧!" Ask him!
4、"麻烦" — "trouble" is a verb. In "Could you please help", "您" is both the object for "麻烦", and the subject for "帮忙". For example, "麻烦你借钥匙给我", could you please lend me the key. "麻烦你帮我修车" could you please help me fix the bicycle.
5、"不" in front of a verb negates the action. For example: "不会", don't know how, "不能", cannot, "不懂", don't understand. "会" and "能" are auxiliary verbs.